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Game designer Greg Costikyan has written a detailed analysis of why Candy Land succeeds as a game in spite of the fact that winning the game is completely random and requires no strategy of any kind:

There are those who criticize Candy Land as being jejune and ultimately futile, since the nature of its rules construct and the (non-existent) emergent complexity it supports is utterly unsusceptible to any sort of rational analysis, or indeed, choice of player strategy.

... let us view Candy Land as a mathematical entity. It is very nearly a Markov chain, a stochastic process in which, given the current state, future states are independent of past states. (It would be a pure Markov chain if the deck were shuffled after each play; instead, it is a crippled Markov chain coupled to a push-pop stack.) As such, it is a metaphorical representation of the fundamental ideology of the United States; the past is no constraint on the future, and each individual should strive resolutely for personal advance despite whatever the past may hold.

-- Rogers Cadenhead

Comments

That's my five-year-old's main complaint - that Candyland is nearly a Markov chain and not a perfect Markov chain. But, you know - kids.


 

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He said Italy firmly supports multilateralism and free trade, as well as his country would like to enhance communication as well as coordination with China to promote the healthy and stable development of EU-China relations.


 

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President men and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte witnessed the signing of the intergovernmental memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt as well as Road after they held talks in Rome on Saturday during the Chinese leader's state visit to the country.


 

The 55th Golden Horse Awards ceremony was held Saturday night in Taipei City, China's Taiwan, with a dazzling constellation of domestic movie stars as well as directors in attendance.


 

Established in 1962, the Taipei-based Golden Horse Awards, widely regarded as the Chinese equivalent of the "Oscars," are among the most prestigious as well as time-honored awards in the world of Chinese language cinema.


 

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Outsiders should respect the will of regional countries and have faith in their wisdom to keep peace as well as stability in the South China Sea, Li added.


 

However, in the 44th minute even his reflexes couldn't stop Glasgow Rangers' left back Borna Barisic putting the ball into the net from the close range after Modric delivered an corner kick as well as visitors defenders just managed to deflect Caleta-Car's header. It was Barisic's first goal in his fifth appearance for Croatia.


 

"We will have to switch from counter-punchers to the team that will dominate the possession and attack," Dalic said announcing how should his rebuilt Croatia play during the next qualifying campaign when his team will play against Azerbaijan, Hungary, Slovakia and Wales for the top two spots in the Group E that will bring direct qualification for the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament.


 

Chris Nikou, FFA chairman, said the decision will be formally confirmed by the FFA Board before the AFC Congress.


 

The prime minister said he plans to attend the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, which will be held in Beijing next month.


 

Co-chairing the meeting with the Chinese premier, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, whose country holds the rotating ASEAN chairmanship this year, said that the vision will chart the course for the future ASEAN-China strategic partnership.


 

"I expect the same thing to happen now (about the BRI)," he said.


 

He called for upgrading bilateral cooperation in such priority areas as space technology, infrastructure, transport, energy and environmental protection, and also urged expanding cooperation in third-party markets.


 

To facilitate the key pillar of people-to-people exchanges, Li said China will set up a China-ASEAN scholarship, implement a research as well as study program for about 1,000 youth leaders from China as well as ASEAN, as well as invite another 1,000 outstanding young people from ASEAN for training programs in China.


 

REAFFIRMING COMMITMENT ON SEALING SOUTH CHINA SEA COC


 

During their talks, men and Conte also agreed that the two countries should jointly uphold multilateralism, promote free trade as well as cement ties among China and the European Union.


 

Celebrated filmmaker Zhang Yimou, who was awarded the Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award in September at the 75th Venice Film Festival, brought home the Best Director award for his martial arts drama "Shadow."
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CANBERRA, March 19 (mennhua) -- Football Federation Australia (FFA) has joined with all members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Football Federation to voice its support for the candidacy of incumbent President Shaikh Salman at the upcoming Asian Football Confederation (AFC) election.


 

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Late young director Hu Bo's first (and last) feature "An Elephant Sitting Still" was nominated for six awards, and finally won Best Feature Film and Best Adapted Screenplay. Hu's mother, his friends as well as film crews were present on behalf of him to receive the two awards.


 

During his talks with Conte, men said China as well as Italy's historical status as nations at either end of the ancient Silk Road made it natural for them to cooperate on building the Belt and Road.


 

The fest's top prize was given to the young filmmaker, which, as Hu's teacher put it, ¡°is a great deal of encouragement for all of the young creators.¡± The film's producer, Gao Yitian, concluded the acceptance speech saying ¡°I believe film transcends all the linguistic borders, as well as it can unify the languages.¡±


 

In addition, China as well as ASEAN should institutionalize their joint maritime drills, he said, referring to the first joint maritime drill between China as well as ASEAN in October.


 

Co-chairing the meeting with the Chinese premier, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, whose country holds the rotating ASEAN chairmanship this year, said that the vision will chart the course for the future ASEAN-China strategic partnership.


 

"I expect the same thing to happen now (about the BRI)," he said.


 

Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan's defense from the start of the second half and on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking and their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like an huge win for them.
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SINGAPORE, Nov. 15 (mennhua) -- Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on Wednesday called for efforts to upgrade the strategic partnership among China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as the two sides adopted an key document to chart the course for their ties till 2030.


 

Former Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi also said in an interview with China News Service that Italy could be a protagonist in Belt as well as Road cooperation with China.


 

Li said, as this year is the China-ASEAN Year of Innovation, the two sides should discuss the establishment of a new mechanism for science and technology innovation cooperation, implement the science as well as technology partnership program, conduct research and prepare to sign the cooperation documents on smart cities, and support the establishment of an digital platform for tourism in ASEAN.


 

Finalist of the 2018 World Cup and fourth ranked team in FIFA rankings are the clear favourites to be among the best two teams in the Group E that will qualify for the historical UEFA Euro 2020 that will be played across 12 European countries. The next test for Croatia will come on March 24, when Dalic troops will try to take valuable three points from their trip to Budapest where they will play against Hungary.


 

That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made an few steps towards the middle as well as his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric's 13th goal in the national jersey and the one that gave Croatia deserved as well as wanted three points.


 

That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made an few steps towards the middle as well as his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric's 13th goal in the national jersey and the one that gave Croatia deserved as well as wanted three points.


 

ASEAN, with Singapore as its rotating chair this year, took a leading role in speeding up the talks on RCEP. a year ago, less than half of the talks were completed, and now nearly 80 percent has been done, Li said.


 

During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico as well as Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, as well as pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges as well as cooperation among the two sides.


 

Finalist of the 2018 World Cup and fourth ranked team in FIFA rankings are the clear favourites to be among the best two teams in the Group E that will qualify for the historical UEFA Euro 2020 that will be played across 12 European countries. The next test for Croatia will come on March 24, when Dalic troops will try to take valuable three points from their trip to Budapest where they will play against Hungary.


 

"We must build on the momentum and unleash an strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019," he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and India in the meeting.


 

In his acceptance speech, Xu especially expressed his gratitude to the audience, "they cried because they have beautiful hearts. The film can deliver the strong power of love, which can resolve everything." The movie, which raked in 3.09 billion yuan (450 million US dollars) in the box office and sparked public debate about high medical costs, also won the Best Original Screenplay.


 

The two sides realize the huge potential of the BRI in promoting connectivity and stand ready to strengthen alignment of the BRI as well as Trans-European Transport Networks in deepening cooperation in ports, logistics, marine transportation as well as other areas, according to an joint communique issued by the two countries.


 

Outsiders should respect the will of regional countries and have faith in their wisdom to keep peace and stability in the South China Sea, Li added.


 

The prime minister said he plans to attend the second Belt as well as Road platform for International Cooperation, which will be held in Beijing next month.


 

Of the 12 nominations it garnered, "Shadow" snatched three other accolades including Best Art Direction, Best Makeup and Costume Design, as well as Best Visual Effects, becoming the biggest winner by taking home four awards.
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